The Shoulder Activity Level: an Italian Translation, Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation

SUMMARY Introduction. In this study we aimed to cross-culturally translate the Shoulder Activity Level (SAL) into Italian language and assess its clinimetric properties including reliability, validity, and responsiveness. The objective was to evaluate activity level in patients with shoulder disorders. Methods. Italian version of the SAL was obtained after forward-backward translation. Three questionnaires were completed by the participants: … Continued

Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Measurement Properties of the Brazilian Portuguese Version of Two Scales Which Measure Function and Disability in People with Achilles Tendinopathy

SUMMARY Background. Achilles tendinopathy can be disabling and is one of the most common chronic lesions among conditions affecting athletes’ feet and ankles. The clinical recommendation to measure self-reported limitations and functional capacity of patients with Achilles tendinopathy suggests the use of the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) for pain and stiffness and the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure … Continued