Assessment of the Ultimate Actual Strength of Rock-Climbing Protection Devices: Extraction Tests in the Field and the Human Capability to Predict the Ultimate Strength

SUMMARY Background. Rock climbing protection devices are crucial for climbing practice safety and for mountaineering in general. The use of these devices, together with appropriate techniques, reduces injuries in the critical event of a climber’s fall. Although European standards and rules support the manufacturer in the design, production and laboratory testing, a thorough investigation of their … Continued