Biomechanics of Meniscal Allograft Transplantation: A Meta-Analysis

SUMMARY Introduction. Despite trends to repair meniscal defects, meniscectomy continues to be a common procedure. Degenerative changes following these surgeries become candidates for meniscal allograft transplantation. Purpose. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to review published articles that compared methods of meniscal allograft transplantation (bone plug, suture only, or bone bridge) for their biomechanical effects … Continued

Healing Effect of Morus nigra Leaf Extract over Tendon Injuries on Proliferative Phase

SUMMARY Background. Tendon injuries are difficult to heal properly, and many researchers have attempted to overcome this problem using various approaches. Materials and methods. The authors evaluated the capabilities of Morus nigra, a widely known plant with many verified therapeutic properties, on injured tendons in the early stages of recovery. Results. The extract did not … Continued

Evaluation of Torque, Electromyographic Activity and Neuromuscular Efficiency of the Internal Oblique Muscle in Pilates Practitioners

SUMMARY Background. The present study aimed to evaluate the neuromuscular efficiency (NME) of the internal oblique (IO) muscle through electromyography (EMG) analysis, torque test in practitioners and non-practitioners (control) of Pilates. Methods. Participants included 40 health women: Pilates practitioners (n = 20) and non-practitioners (n = 20). They were tested for trunk flexion (torque). Their internal oblique IO muscle … Continued

Fascicle Orientation of Superficial Back Muscles Attached to the Posterior Layer of the Thoracolumbar Fascia: a Morphometric Study Using Human Cadavers

SUMMARY Background. The posterior layer of the thoracolumbar fascia (PTLF) connecting the trunk, upper and lower limb muscles is a part of the deep fascia of the back of the trunk. It is the major myofascial linkage for myofascial force transmission. The present study reveals the fascicle orientation of the muscles namely gluteus maximus, latissimus dorsi, and lower trapezius … Continued

Kinesiophobia Relates to Decreased Sports Capability Perceptions, and Altered Gait Following ACL Reconstruction

SUMMARY Introduction Kinesiophobia can negatively influence perceived knee function after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Less is known about its influence on perceived sports capability, and gait kinematics. Methods. At 3 months after ACLR, 34 male patients completed the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK). Raw and grouped scores (group 1 = high kinesiophobia; group 2 … Continued

Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis to evaluate lower-limb biomechanics and conservative treatment

Objective. Iliotibial band friction syndrome (ITBFS) is the second most common cause of knee pain in runners, and the most common cause of lateral knee pain. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates 1) lower-limb biomechanics and 2) conservative interventions in ITBFS. Methods. The MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTSDiscus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases were searched … Continued

Gait disturbances in football, rugby players and skiers following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Background. Patients who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery may exhibit post-operative lower limb gait disturbances. Design. Laboratory in vivo controlled study. Methods. Kinematics and kinetics parameters of knee motion were measured in post-ACL reconstruction participants (n = 5; m = 4 / f = 1, age 30.6 years, height 179.2 cm, weight … Continued

The use of robotics devices in knee rehabilitation: a critical review

Knee surgery is a common procedure to treat cartilage defects, soft tissue lesions as cruciate ligaments (ACL/PCL), and osteoarthritis with total or unicondylar knee arthroplasty. After knee surgery, every patient undergoes a long period of rehabilitation (typically from 6 weeks to 6 months) consisting of long sessions of physiotherapy and medical training therapy carried out … Continued