The Effectiveness of Nonoperative Treatment Modalities in the Management of Frozen Shoulder: a Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

SUMMARY Background. Frozen shoulder is a widespread concern having an unknown etiology. Management mainly aims at restoring function and treating symptoms. The choice of treatment may differ based on patient variables, stage of presentation, priorities of clinicians, and funding. No robust evidence exists to endorse one treatment modality over another in a conclusive way. Therefore, … Continued

Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy in the Treatment of Trigger Finger. A Systematic Review

SUMMARY Trigger finger is a stenosing tenosynovitis of flexor tendons with consecutive conflict with the A1 pulley. Quinnell defined 4 grades according to the clinical manifestation of the conflict. Studies focused on grade 2 and 3 for conservative treatment. Extra-corporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is a conservative method to receive extensive attention in the musculoskeletal pathology. … Continued

The Efficacy of Intra-Articular Botulinum-Toxin Injection in Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

SUMMARY Objective. This investigation aimed to pool and discuss the existed literature on the efficacy and safety of intra-articular injection of Botulinum toxin type A (BTA) for knee osteoarthritis (OA) treatment focusing on different doses and comparing with other injectable agents. Methods. Data sources: a systematic review through PubMed, Scopus, Google ScholĀ­ar and Cochrane Central … Continued