Are there Differences in the Muscles Activation during Exercise for Patellofemoral Pain Patients? A Cross-Sectional Study

SUMMARY Objective. To compare the activation of the gluteus medius (GM) and tensor fasciae latae (TFL) muscles, during eleven exercises to strengthen the lateral hip region in volunteers with and without pattelofemoral pain. Methods. Twenty-four females participated in this study, the evaluation was performed through the electromyography analysis of the GM and TFL muscles during … Continued

Effects of Resistance Training with Blood Flow Restriction on Muscle Strength and Biomarkers in Older People: A Systematic Review of Randomized Clinical Trials

SUMMARY Background. Blood flow restriction (BFR) is a technique that utilizes inflatable cuffs to partially restrict arterial inflow and modulate venous flow in the active musculature through gradual mechanical compression. Objective. This systematic review aimed to analyze the effects of resistance training (RT) with BFR on muscle strength and biomarkers in older individuals. Methods. This … Continued

The Effect of Contraction Type and Training Volume in Unilateral Exercises on Cross-Education: A Narrative Review Study

SUMMARY Objective. The effect of unilateral exercises on the untrained limb, usually called “cross-education,” can help treat immobility. Review studies in 2017 have shown that type of contraction, volume, and intensity of training are effective on the rate of cross-education. Therefore, this review study aimed at the kind of contraction and the volume of training on crossed education. Methods. … Continued

Influence of Exercise on Musculoskeletal Disorders Associated with Gut Microbiota: A Narrative Review

SUMMARY The gut microbiota, a collection of populations of gut microbes, is responsible for a range of metabolic, immunological, structural and neurological functions, such as maintenance of metabolic homeostasis, development and maturation of the immune system, resistance to infection and production of neurotransmitters, microbial dysbiosis, defined as a negative alteration in the diversity, structure or … Continued

Whole-Body Vibration, Morphological and Antioxidant Effects on the Diaphragm Muscle of Obese Rats

SUMMARY Background. This study aimed investigating the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) on morphological parameters and the antioxidant system of the diaphragm muscle of Wistar rats with monosodium glutamate (MSG) obesity induction. Methods. 28 animals were separated into two groups: obesity (administration of MSG) and control group. At 80 days of age, the groups were … Continued

Electromyostimulation and whole-body vibration effects in elder sarcopenic patients

Background. Sarcopenia is a progressive and generalized loss of the skeletal muscle mass and function associated to aging. Among the different possible practical approaches, the Electromyostimulation (EMS) and the whole-body vibration (WBV) were proposed. The aim of this review is to synthetize the most up-to-date evidence behind the use of this therapeutic approaches. Methods. A … Continued