The Effectiveness of Nonoperative Treatment Modalities in the Management of Frozen Shoulder: a Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

SUMMARY Background. Frozen shoulder is a widespread concern having an unknown etiology. Management mainly aims at restoring function and treating symptoms. The choice of treatment may differ based on patient variables, stage of presentation, priorities of clinicians, and funding. No robust evidence exists to endorse one treatment modality over another in a conclusive way. Therefore, … Continued

The Effectiveness of Physiotherapy in Idiopathic or Primary Frozen Shoulder: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

SUMMARY Objective. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effectiveness of physiotherapy in individuals affected by primary or idiopathic frozen shoulder, considering only studies that employed a randomized controlled trial. Methods. A systematic review and meta-analysis were carried out according to PRISMA guidelines. Three bibliographic databases were searched: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and PEDro. … Continued