Psychometric Properties of the Italian Version of the Total Disability Index in Patients with Spine Pain and Disability: An Italian Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Validation and Translation

SUMMARY Background. Low back pain and neck pain are musculoskeletal disorders with the highest prevalence in the adult population. Spinal practices usually use formal questionnaires to asses and quantify pain and disability in people that suffer from back and neck pain, the aim of this study was to describe the translation and cross-cultural adaptation process … Continued

The Role of Monitoring of the Board of Statutory Auditors in the Management of the Italian Hospitals

SUMMARY Italian public hospitals are healthcare companies whose actions must be informed by the principles of effectiveness and their management follows the principles of effi¬≠ciency and economy. The Italian Council of Chartered Accountants and Accounting Experts defines the range of actions of the Board of Statutory Auditors to prevent inadequacies. The Board of Statutory Auditors … Continued