Dual Task Reduces Balance Score but not Joint Repositioning Error in Female Athletes with Dynamic Knee Valgus

SUMMARY Background. Dynamic knee valgus (DKV) refers to an improper movement strategy of the lower limbs involving multiple planes. Objective. The present study aimed to examine the impact of dual task conditions on joint repositioning sense in female athletes with DKV. Methods. This controlled laboratory investigation involved 31 volunteered female athletes who met specific criteria … Continued

Morphological Study of the Transverse Ligament of Knee Joint in Embalmed Cadavers

SUMMARY Background. The aim was to study the morphological pattern and dimensions of the transverse genicular ligament (TL) in adult embalmed knee joints. Methods. The present study utilized 50 adult embalmed human cadaveric knee joints. Results. The TL was observed in 90% of the specimens of this study. It was extending from the medial meniscus (MM) anterior … Continued

Evaluation of Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee in Children with MRI. Arthroscopic Fixation with Bioabsorbable Chondral Darts. A Retrospective Study of 32 Knees

SUMMARY Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD) is an idiopathic, well-localized, pathological condition affecting the articular subchondral bone, and its overlying cartilage. In some cases it can progress to the detachment of the affected osteochondral region. Evaluating the stability of the lesion is a key part of providing the correct treatment. Stable lesions, particularly in juvenile patients, have a greater tendency to … Continued

Conversion to Knee Arthroplasty Following Intra-Articular Injection of Microfragmented Adipose Tissue in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis

SUMMARY Background. Few studies have investigated the need for additional treatment after use of intra-articular injection of microfragmented adipose tissue (MFAT) in treatment of knee osteoarthritis. We assessed the rate of conversion to knee arthroplasty and 1-year clinical outcomes after intra-articular injection of MFAT for knee osteoarthritis. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed data from consecutive patients … Continued

A Single-blind Randomised Trial of Intra-Articular Hyaluronic Acid, Hypertonic Saline, and Physiotherapy in Knee Osteoarthritis

SUMMARY Background. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is an age-related progressive condition that has resulted in a significant burden worldwide. In this survey, we aimed to compare intra-articular hypertonic saline (HS) and hyaluronic acid (HA) safety and efficacy in the pain and function improvement of patients suffering from knee OA. Eventually, we made a comparison with physical … Continued

Quick Recovery and No Arthrofibrosis in Acute Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: a Prospective Trial of Early versus Delayed Reconstruction

SUMMARY Background. Anterior cruciate ligaments tears is one of the most frequent orthopaedics and sports medicine injuries in the athletically active population and timing of reconstruction represents a debated topic. The aim of the study is to compare range of motion (ROM) recovery and clinical outcomes between patients operated for acute reconstruction (maximum 2 weeks injury-surgery interval) and delayed … Continued

High Frequency Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation in the Immediate Postoperative Period of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Its Effects on Drug Costs During Hospitalization

SUMMARY Introduction. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is an important structure for knee stability. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is an electrical current that significantly reduces pain. Objective. To assess drug costs associated with high frequency TENS in the immediate postoperative period of ACL reconstruction. Methods. A single-blind randomized clinical trial with 46 patients randomly assigned to a control … Continued

Evaluation of Antifibrinolytic Use in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Arthroscopic Reconstruction. A Prospective Clinical Trial

SUMMARY Objective. To evaluate the effectiveness of two antifibrinolytic drugs (tranexamic acid and epsilon-aminocaproic acid) in reducing postoperative hemarthrosis after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Methods. 45 patients diagnosed with primary anterior cruciate ligament tears were randomly placed into 3 groups: control, tranexamic acid (TXA) and epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EAC). The first group was operated on without the use of the … Continued

Use of a Prospective Survey Method to Capture a Picture of Overuse Injuries in Kitesurfing

SUMMARY Background. Kitesurfing is one of the world’s fastest growing Olympic aquatic sports. However, previous scientific literature on this sport has mainly focused on acute injuries. The aim of this study was, therefore, to capture a picture of the burden of overuse injuries in kitesurfing. Methods. Active kite-surfers regularly completed an online questionnaire, describing the … Continued

Quadriceps tendon rupture. Anchor or transosseous suture? A systematic review

Introduction. When dealing with ruptures at the tendon-bone junction either transosseous sutures(TS) or anchor fixation(AF) are the most well described methods of repair. The aim of this study was to compare these two surgical methods by carrying out a systematic review of the existing literature. Methods. A systematic search of bibliographic databases to identify studies … Continued