Fascicle Orientation of Superficial Back Muscles Attached to the Posterior Layer of the Thoracolumbar Fascia: a Morphometric Study Using Human Cadavers

SUMMARY Background. The posterior layer of the thoracolumbar fascia (PTLF) connecting the trunk, upper and lower limb muscles is a part of the deep fascia of the back of the trunk. It is the major myofascial linkage for myofascial force transmission. The present study reveals the fascicle orientation of the muscles namely gluteus maximus, latissimus dorsi, and lower trapezius … Continued

Association of Arthroscopically-Assisted Latissimus Dorsi Tendon Transfer with Implantation of a Subacromial Balloon Spacer for Patients with Irreparable Posterosuperior Rotator Cuff Tears

SUMMARY Purpose. Massive irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears in an active population, resulting in a pseudo-paralytic shoulder, pose a challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon. In an effort to avoid or delay arthroplasty surgery, other surgical strategies such as arthroscopically-assisted latissimus dorsi transfer (aLDT) or the implantation of a subacromial spacer (SAS) can be considered. The aim of the present … Continued