Psychometric Properties of the Italian Version of the Total Disability Index in Patients with Spine Pain and Disability: An Italian Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Validation and Translation

SUMMARY Background. Low back pain and neck pain are musculoskeletal disorders with the highest prevalence in the adult population. Spinal practices usually use formal questionnaires to asses and quantify pain and disability in people that suffer from back and neck pain, the aim of this study was to describe the translation and cross-cultural adaptation process … Continued

Electromyographic Activity of Posterior Oblique Sling Muscles During Gait in Subjects with Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain versus Healthy Controls

SUMMARY Objective. To measure the surface electromyographic (EMG) activity of gluteus maxi­mus (GMax) and latissimus dorsi (LD) muscles during walking and to measure the scapular upward rotation at different ranges of shoulder abduction in subjects with chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP) versus healthy controls. Methods. Twenty-six subjects with unilateral CNSLBP with a mean age … Continued

Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Validity and Reliability Study of the Italian Version of the Back Pain Functional Scale

SUMMARY Introduction. The Back Pain Functional Scale is a scale to assess disability in Low Back Pain patients. The purpose of this study was to translate, culturally adapt and validate the BPFS from the original English language into Italian. Materials and methods. Translation and cultural adaptation have been performed following international guidelines. 170 italian-speaking subjects … Continued

The Effect of Hydrokinetic Therapy on Patients with Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

SUMMARY Background. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a leading cause of disability inter­nationally, particularly low back pain (LBP), which accounts for 60% of occupational diseases. Aquatic therapy has been used to treat various diseases. The aquatic setting has properties that can be used to obtain benefit through exercise. The primary aim of this systematic review was … Continued

Electroacupuncture and Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation in Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: a Blind Randomized Clinical Trial

SUMMARY Background. Chronic nonspecific low back pain impairs function in affected individuals. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) has shown to be effective in reducing the intensity of chronic nonspecific low back pain and should be used as a complementary treatment. The same can be said for electroacupuncture (EA), which consists of the application of electrical … Continued

Investigation of the Contraction Ratio of Transversus Abdominis and Internal Oblique Muscles during Lumbopelvic Stability Test

SUMMARY Background. The clinicians administer lumbopelvic stability test (LPST) to evaluate core stability of lumbar spine and TrA muscle function. While the reduced thickness and contraction ratio of the TrA was well documented among people with nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP), the direct morphological changes of TrA during the LPST had not been reported so … Continued

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation associated with core stability exercises in nonspecific postural low back pain: a randomized clinical trial

Background. Low back pain is one of the most frequent causes of disability. Therapeutics programs have been used to promote muscle strengthening and lumbar stability. Methods. Randomized clinical trial with 30 female participants with chronic low back pain, divided into CORE Group (CG), NMES Group (NG), and CORE + NMES group (CNG). At the end … Continued