Orthobiologic Injectables in the Ankle Joint: a Narrative Review

SUMMARY Background. The ankle joint is a frequent site of injury and bone remodeling, and often requires cartilage repair. Studies have shown that growth factors and bioactive compounds have regenerative properties capable of promoting cartilage restoration. Hyaluronic acid (HA) and orthobiologics like platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and adult stem cells (ASCs) are particularly interesting as therapeutic solutions for ankle … Continued