Changes in Proprioceptive Control in the Menstrual Cycle: a Risk Factor for Injuries? A Proof-of-Concept Study

SUMMARY Introduction. Over the past three decades, there has been an increase in female sport participation attributable to the growing development and investment in professional women’s sports. For an effective preventive strategy, it is necessary to analyze all risk factors that expose women to a higher probability of incurring injuries. The aim of our study … Continued

Night Splints in Plantar Fasciitis: A Systematic Review

SUMMARY Introduction. Plantar fasciitis (PF) is a subcalcaneal pain syndrome that affects 10-16% of the world’s population. The use of foot and ankle splinting allows the talocrural joints to be in anatomical position, reducing the contracture and tension generated by pain and PF. Objective. To review the literature on the effectiveness of night splinting in plantar fasciitis. Materials and … Continued

The Italian Consensus Conference on FAI Syndrome in Athletes (Cotignola Agreement)

SUMMARY Background. Femoro-acetabular impingement (FAI) is an important topic in literature because of its strong relationship with sport populations. Methods. Sixty-five experts participated in “this Consensus Conference (CC)”. They discussed, voted and approved a consensus document on the FAI syndrome in athletes. Results. The CC experts approved document provided suggestions concerning: 1) Epidemiology of FAI; … Continued

Cross Cultural Adaptation and Multi Centric Validation of The Italian Version of The Tegner Activity Scale

SUMMARY Background. This study aims to adapt the Tegner Activity Scale (TAS) to Italian language and establish its reliability and validity in patients after anterior cruciate liga­ment reconstruction. It was hypnotized the Italian version of the TAS have acceptable psychometric proper­ties for use with the Italian population. Methods. This is an observational multicenter study. The … Continued

Kinesiotaping for the Treatment of Haematomas in Haemophiliacs: a Case Control Study

SUMMARY Introduction. Intramuscular hemorrhages are the second most common type of bleeding in patients with haemophilia. In haemophilic patients, muscle bleeding causes pain and postural defects and requires a long healing time. Aim. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of kinesiotaping, in combination with functional rehabilitation and CO2 laser therapy, in … Continued

Efficacy of a 6-Week Supervised Strengthening Exercise Program with EMG-Biofeedback in Patients with Muscular Dystrophy: a Randomized Controlled Trial

SUMMARY Background. Although previous trials investigated the effectiveness of exercise training programs in muscular dystrophy (MD) patients, we faced a lack of evidence on biofeedback. This study aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of a 6-week supervised strengthening exercise training program with electromyography-Biofeedback (EMG-BFB) on muscle strength, motor function, and balance of MD patients. … Continued

Evaluation of Quadriceps and Hamstring Muscles’ Elastrographic Properties after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

SUMMARY Background. Tissue stiffness measurement by ultrasound elastography is commonly used for internal organs and tendons. In this study, rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, biceps femoris, and semitendinosus muscles’ stiffness of patients who underwent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery was followed up by ultrasound elastography. Methods. 19 male recreational athletes aged between 18-40 years … Continued

Factors Associated to Return to Sport after Surgical Repair of Achilles Tendon Ruptures. A Clinical and Functional Retrospective Study

SUMMARY Background. The factors that influence a successful return sport following Achilles tendon rupture repair have not been identified. Furthermore, the extent of heel-rise height index (HRHI) and Achilles tendon resting angle (ATRA) as indicators of Achil­les tendon function recovery are unclear. Methods. We included 94 subjects who underwent a first unilateral Achilles tendon repair … Continued

Immediate Effects of a Novel Lumbar Support Device on Pain Modulation and Core Muscle Function in Patients with Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain: a Randomized Controlled Trial

SUMMARY Background. A novel lumbar support device to be used by people with chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP) was designed, developed and tested in this trial. The study investigated the immediate effects of the novel lumbar support device on pain modulation and core muscle function in comparison to the traditional lumbar support among people … Continued