Evaluation of Quadriceps and Hamstring Muscles’ Elastrographic Properties after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

SUMMARY Background. Tissue stiffness measurement by ultrasound elastography is commonly used for internal organs and tendons. In this study, rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, biceps femoris, and semitendinosus muscles’ stiffness of patients who underwent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery was followed up by ultrasound elastography. Methods. 19 male recreational athletes aged between 18-40 years … Continued

Factors Associated to Return to Sport after Surgical Repair of Achilles Tendon Ruptures. A Clinical and Functional Retrospective Study

SUMMARY Background. The factors that influence a successful return sport following Achilles tendon rupture repair have not been identified. Furthermore, the extent of heel-rise height index (HRHI) and Achilles tendon resting angle (ATRA) as indicators of Achil­les tendon function recovery are unclear. Methods. We included 94 subjects who underwent a first unilateral Achilles tendon repair … Continued

Immediate Effects of a Novel Lumbar Support Device on Pain Modulation and Core Muscle Function in Patients with Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain: a Randomized Controlled Trial

SUMMARY Background. A novel lumbar support device to be used by people with chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP) was designed, developed and tested in this trial. The study investigated the immediate effects of the novel lumbar support device on pain modulation and core muscle function in comparison to the traditional lumbar support among people … Continued

Surgical treatment of muscle injury. A review of current literature and indications

SUMMARY Introduction. Muscles lesions are common sport-related injuries. They are usually treated conservatively with good outcomes. However, large structural muscle injuries (type 4 according to I.S.Mu.L.T. classification) are a challenge for physicians. Often, patients may suffer from discomfort and residual pain, functional impairment, and the rate of complications and re-injury rate is high. Furthermore, the … Continued

Investigation of the Contraction Ratio of Transversus Abdominis and Internal Oblique Muscles during Lumbopelvic Stability Test

SUMMARY Background. The clinicians administer lumbopelvic stability test (LPST) to evaluate core stability of lumbar spine and TrA muscle function. While the reduced thickness and contraction ratio of the TrA was well documented among people with nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP), the direct morphological changes of TrA during the LPST had not been reported so … Continued

The Effectiveness of Physiotherapy in Idiopathic or Primary Frozen Shoulder: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

SUMMARY Objective. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effectiveness of physiotherapy in individuals affected by primary or idiopathic frozen shoulder, considering only studies that employed a randomized controlled trial. Methods. A systematic review and meta-analysis were carried out according to PRISMA guidelines. Three bibliographic databases were searched: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and PEDro. … Continued

Return to Sport After Patellar Tendon Rupture: a Systematic Review

SUMMARY Background. Patellar tendon rupture is a rare and disabling injury that may occur during sport practice and is considered as the 4th stage of the Blazina’s classification of jumper’s knee. Return to sport after patellar tendon rupture has not been clearly assessed. Methods. Medical databases were screened, and article research extended from 1980 to … Continued