Peculiarities of Adolescent, Qualified Female Volleyball Players’ Shoulder Girdle

SUMMARY Background and purpose. Many regularly performed spikes and serves lead to a shoulder girdle adaptation that could be sport-specific and result in traumatic events. The aim was to evaluate shoulder joints’ range of movements (ROM), peak isometric strength of arm muscles, submaximal force repetition error, and upper body dynamic stability in adolescent female volleyball … Continued

Shoulder Function in Swimmers with and without Scapular Dyskinesia

SUMMARY Background and purpose. Considering the importance of the effect of scapular dyskinesia on movement patterns and performance in swimmers, it conducted this study to investigate shoulder function in swimmers with and without scapular dyskinesia. Materials and methods. The present study was cross-sectional and included sixty professional male swimmers between 18 and 30 years old with and without … Continued

Association of Arthroscopically-Assisted Latissimus Dorsi Tendon Transfer with Implantation of a Subacromial Balloon Spacer for Patients with Irreparable Posterosuperior Rotator Cuff Tears

SUMMARY Purpose. Massive irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears in an active population, resulting in a pseudo-paralytic shoulder, pose a challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon. In an effort to avoid or delay arthroplasty surgery, other surgical strategies such as arthroscopically-assisted latissimus dorsi transfer (aLDT) or the implantation of a subacromial spacer (SAS) can be considered. The aim of the present … Continued

The Upper Extremity Functional Index (UEFI): Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Reliability, and Validity of the Italian Version

SUMMARY Introduction. The Italian version of the Upper Extremity Functional Index (UEFI) may help assess shoulder function in patients with shoulder problems, especially athletes. Objective. Translate and cross-culturally adapt UEFI into Italian; verify UEFI validity and reliability in professional and amateur athletes with upper limb musculoskeletal disorders, shoulder, in particular. Methods. This study was conducted with 150 participants … Continued

Snapping of the Upper Limb: a Clinical Overview

SUMMARY Snapping results from an abrupt displacement of an anatomic or pathologic structure during the movement of a closely related joint. Snaps are audible, palpable, and often, visible. Snapping phenomena are common within the general population and, in most cases, are associated with mild symptoms. However, especially in athletes, snapping could determine pain and functional impairment that may severely … Continued

The Shoulder Activity Level: an Italian Translation, Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation

SUMMARY Introduction. In this study we aimed to cross-culturally translate the Shoulder Activity Level (SAL) into Italian language and assess its clinimetric properties including reliability, validity, and responsiveness. The objective was to evaluate activity level in patients with shoulder disorders. Methods. Italian version of the SAL was obtained after forward-backward translation. Three questionnaires were completed by the participants: … Continued

No Effect of Intra-Articular Platelet-Rich Plasma Injections after Arthroscopic Repair of Rotator Cuff Tears: a Prospective Randomized Study

SUMMARY Background. Our study aims to evaluate the results of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) infil­tration after arthroscopic repair of the rotator cuff. Methods. We carried out a randomized simple blind clinical trial with an initial sample of 38 patients. Of those, three were excluded intraoperatively. These patients were assigned into two groups: rotator cuff suture with … Continued

Natural History of Patients with Acute Proximal Biceps Tendon Rupture

SUMMARY Purpose. To determine the natural history of patients presenting with acute proximal biceps rupture (APBR) and concomitant rotator cuff disease. Methods. Prospective cohort study of patients with an APBR confirmed via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) presenting to clinic within 8 weeks of injury. Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain score, Simple Shoulder Test (SST) score, and the American … Continued

Use of a Prospective Survey Method to Capture a Picture of Overuse Injuries in Kitesurfing

SUMMARY Background. Kitesurfing is one of the world’s fastest growing Olympic aquatic sports. However, previous scientific literature on this sport has mainly focused on acute injuries. The aim of this study was, therefore, to capture a picture of the burden of overuse injuries in kitesurfing. Methods. Active kite-surfers regularly completed an online questionnaire, describing the … Continued