A Critical Review on Tendon Structure and Load Remodeling

SUMMARY Introduction. As mechanic tendon structures enhancer, muscle-tendon load remodeling has recently been touted as potential strain, force-elongation, and energy storage capacity at both contraction actions and resistance modes. The tendon mechanism has been associated with enhanced stiffness and strain energy to muscle-tendon length complex, however it might be more far-reaching as either force-elongation relationship may be improved or ATP … Continued

Mechanical Properties of Muscles and Tendons in Asymptomatic Individuals with Generalized Joint Hypermobility

SUMMARY Background. The purpose of the present study was to investigate changes in mechanical properties of muscles and tendons in asymptomatic individuals with generalized joint hypermobility (GJH). Methods. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 126 participants aged 19-40 years. The Beighton score was used to determine whether the participants had GJH. An experienced physiotherapist screened … Continued

Impact of the Location of Myometric Measurement Points on Skeletal Muscle Mechanical Properties Outcomes

SUMMARY Background. The aim of this study was to assess to what extent changing the measure- ment point affected the results of myometric parameters describing muscle mechani- cal properties assessed by a MyotonPRO® device in three skeletal muscles: the biceps brachii (BB), tibialis anterior (TA) and rectus femoris (RF). We hypothesised that muscle mechanical properties … Continued

The Immediate Effect of Muscle Energy Technique and Whole Body Vibration on Hamstring Muscle Flexibility and Stiffness in Healthy Young Females

SUMMARY Background. High prevalence of hamstring injury is attributable to the lack of efficient flexibility, and different methods are suggested for increasing its flexibility. Therefore, the present study investigated two methods in healthy young females, Muscle Energy Technique (MET) and Whole Body Vibration (WBV) on flexibility and Hamstring Muscle Stiffness. Materials and methods. Fifty-six young … Continued

Quantitative Weight Bearing and non-weight Bearing Measures of Stiffness in the Achilles Tendon and Gastrocnemius Muscle

SUMMARY Objectives. To establish quantitative values of stiffness for the Achilles tendon (AT) and Gastrocnemius muscle (GM) in participants weight bearing and non-weight bearing. Methods. Measurements of 25 participants taken bilaterally at 8 points along the AT, and 2 points at the GM included: Natural Oscillation frequency (F), dynamic stiffness (S), mechanical stress relaxation time … Continued

Relationships between cardiovascular disease risk factors and Achilles tendon structural and mechanical properties in people with Type 2 Diabetes

Background. Patients with diabetes have 44% greater risk of tendon rupture requiring hospitalisation. Despite this, in vivo research of the associations of diabetes and other cardiovascular disease risk factors on structural and mechanical properties of the Achilles tendon are sparsely studied. Methods. Inactive individuals with type 2 diabetes (n=33) underwent ultrasound and shear wave elastography … Continued