Ultrasonography and Electromyography Activity of Abdominal Muscles in Different Abdominal Exercises: A Systematic Review

SUMMARY Objective. The aim of this study was to systematically review current literature on the effectiveness of various exercises and modifications on thickness and electrical activity of abdominal muscles using ultrasonography and electromyography in healthy adults. Methods. An electronic search was carried out on PubMed, Web of science, ProQuest, Google Scholar, Cochrane and Science Direct … Continued

Comparing Ultrasonography Changes of Semispinalis Capitis Muscle Thickness in Forward Head Posture Subjects with and Without Pain: An Observational Study

SUMMARY Objective. FHP people showed a reduced Semi-Spinalis Capitis muscle (SECM) size in maximal isometric voluntary contraction (MVIC). Also, other studies showed less thickness of this muscle at rest in individuals with pain. So, this muscle must be paramount in subjects with FHP-accompanied neck pain in contraction. Materials and methods. We carried out this observational … Continued

Physiotherapy Interventions and Assessment Methods for Diastasis Recti Abdominis in Postpartum Women: A Systematic Review Protocol

SUMMARY Background. Diastasis recti (DR) or separation of the bulks of rectus abdominis muscle is often caused by pregnancy. Physiotherapy of DR includes exercise therapy, electrical stimulation (ES), kinesiotaping and bracing. Additionally, there are several measure­ment methods and levels for inter rectus distance (IRD) assessment, but their effects on the significance of the results following … Continued

Correlates of the Ultrasonographic and Elastosonographic Parameters of the Plantar Fascia in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

SUMMARY Background. Prevalence of plantar fasciitis is increased in type 2 diabetes. This study was aimed at assessing the correlates of ultrasonographic and elastosonographic parameters in plantar fascia (PF) individuals with type 2 diabetes encompassing vari­ous degrees of complications. Methods. This cross-sectional study included 98 patients with type 2 diabetes. Thick­ness of PF was assessed … Continued

Gender Differences in Ultrasound Imaging of Lateral Abdominal Muscle Thickness and Trunk Mobility

SUMMARY Background. A number of gender differences are of great importance in the research interpretation, being a differentiating variable in many of them. The example is a varied structure of the musculoskeletal system. The objective of this study was to determine corelations between gender and thickness of the abdominal muscles as well as selected trunk mobility parameters. Methods. The … Continued

Differences at the Achilles Insertion Between Adults with Insertional and Midportion Achilles Tendinopathy as Observed Using Ultrasound

SUMMARY Background. The purpose of this study was to determine structural and pathological differences of Achilles tendon insertion between insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) and midportion Achilles tendinopathy (MidAT) in both injured and uninjured sides. Methods. Patients (n = 34; 58.8% male) with unilateral Achilles tendinopathy (50% with IAT; 50% with MidAT) were recruited. Median age … Continued

B mode, Doppler and ultrasound elastography imaging on active trigger point in women with myofascial pain syndrome treated by dry needling

Introduction. Myofascial pain syndrome is a common regional pain characterized with myofascial trigger points (MTrP) in the skeletal muscle fibers. Deep dry needling (DDN) is an effective method used by variety of clinicians in deactivation of these points. The aim of present study was to determine clinical effectiveness and to evaluate gray scale ultrasonography, Sono … Continued

Efficacy of ultrasound-guided hyaluronic acid injections in achilles and patellar tendinopathies: a prospective multicentric clinical trial

Background. Achilles and patellar tendinopathies are common causes of chronic pain and functional impairment. Conservative management can be effective, but it is time-consuming and it requires intensive patient compliance. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a key component of the extracellular matrix and its anti-inflammatory, lubricant and analgesic properties are well documented in osteoarthritis. Growing pre-clinical studies … Continued

Ultrasonography changes at quadriceps tendon donor site in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Is it consistent with regeneration?

Background. Researchers have investigated changes at the donor site for hamstrings and patellar tendons to be consistent with regeneration in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Recently free quadriceps tendon has emerged as a potential autograft for ACLR. The objective of this study was to investigate the changes at the quadriceps tendon (QT) donor site after … Continued